University of Lahore

TB Diagnosis, TB Co-Infection and Infection Control

Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) complex. Tuberculosis is spread through the air when people who have active TB in their lungs cough, spit, speak, or sneeze. Presently, one-quarter of the world's population is thought to be infected with TB. The delay in diagnosis, unsupervised, inappropriate and inadequate drug regimens, poor follow up and lack of social support programme for high risk populations are some of the reasons for not reaching the target cure rates and emergence of drug resistant forms of Tuberculosis.

A seminar on TB Diagnosis, TB co-infection and Infection Control was organized by University Institute of Medical Lab Technology (UIMLT), Faculty of Allied Health Sciences (FAHS), University of Lahore (UOL), in collaboration with American Society of Microbiology (ASM) and Medical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases Society of Pakistan (MMIDSP) on 14th November 2018 at Auditorium #02, University of Lahore.

In the event, Professor Dr. Nazar Ullah Raja, Head of Department, UIMLT, FAHS, UOL gave a brief overview of University Institute of Medical Lab Technology. Dr. Ashfaq Ahmad, Head of Department, University Institute of Physical Therapy, Director Academics FAHS, University of Lahore, welcomed the esteemed speakers, Professor Dr. Shahana Urooj Kazmi, Vice Chancellor, Dadabhoy Institute of Higher Education Karachi, Karachi, Dr. Altaf Ahmad, Consultant Microbiologist, Pakistan Kidney & Liver Institute and Research Centre, Lahore, Dr. Summiya Nizamuddin, Consultant Microbiologist, Shaukat Khanam Memorial Cancer Hospital and Research Center, Lahore, Mr. Faheem Shahzad, Young Ambassador ASM, Pakistan, and Ms. Samreen Sarwar, Technical Advisor at Health Security Partners, USA.

Mr. Faheem Shahzad provided a comprehensive introduction of ASM and also elaborated the benefits and opportunities such as various research and travel grants and distinctive awards for fledgling researchers working in the field of microbiology, to take the membership of ASM.

Dr. Summiya Nizamuddin, introduced Medical Microbiology and Infectious Disease Society of Pakistan (MMIDSP) as a national society of Pakistan for infection control and issues related to health in the country. MMIDSP Society holds a range of activities for raising awareness of public, health professionals, general practitioners and students on topics appertain to health and infection control. Furthermore, she explicitly expounded to take the membership of MMIDSP amongst students and faculty members.

To control any infectious disease, its diagnostics is of prime importance. In this regard, Dr. Altaf Ahmad, delivered a very enlightening lecture on TB diagnosis, culture sensitivity and its molecular diagnosis and revealed that TB can be prevented by screening those at high risk, early detection and treatment of TB positive cases. Moreover, he also elucidated the diagnostic techniques for TB infection other than the conventional methods that are being used currently in the developing countries for the rapid detection of infection which plays a vital role in TB control.

A very comprehensive lecture about “Hand washing and Hand Hygiene’’ was delivered by Ms. Samreen Sarwar. In her talk, she demonstrated proper and effective steps for hand washing which preceded by a short quiz to assess the participant knowledge regarding hand washing.

Professor Dr. Shahana Urooj Kazmi, gave a comprehensive talk on TB co-infection and discussed the population with latent TB do not contribute in active disease transmission. Active infection occurs more often in people with HIV/AIDS and smokers. She further expounded that Tuberculosis (TB) and HIV co-infections place an immense burden on health care systems and pose particular diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. Infection with HIV is the most powerful known risk factor predisposing for Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection and progression of active disease, which increases the risk of latent TB reactivation 20-fold. TB is also the most common cause of AIDS-related mortality. M. tuberculosis and HIV act in synergy, accelerating the decline of immunological functions and leading to subsequent death if untreated. She also elaborated the impact of HIV infection on tuberculosis along with the immune response to TB when a person is co-infected with human immunodeficiency viruses.

The seminar culminated with a vote of thanks paid to the guest speakers and the participants by Professor Dr. Syed Amir Gilani, the Dean of Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, University of Lahore. Professor Dr. Shahana Urooj Kazmi presented the souvenir of  manual of Clinical Microbiology to Professor Dr. Syed Amir Gilani and Professor Dr. Nazar Ullah Raja as a token of thanks on behalf of American society of Microbiology. At the end, Professor Dr. Syed Amir Gilani, awarded shields and certificates to the distinguished speakers and certificates to the students who stood first three positions in the ASM quiz competetion conducted by ASM. The session was followed by group photographs of invited speakers, faculty members and the participants of the seminar.

  • TB Diagnosis, TB Co-Infection and Infection Control
  • TB Diagnosis, TB Co-Infection and Infection Control
  • TB Diagnosis, TB Co-Infection and Infection Control
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